Asthma: Symptoms, Causes and Management


Asthma is a continual lung problem that causes the tubes that caries air into and out of the lungs to swell tightened and produced thick mucus.

This condition can make breathing to become difficult and causes cough and wheezing.

Asthma can start at any age but is more common in childhood.

It can vary from a mild episode known as attack to a more severe form that can be life threatening.

Asthma cannot be cured; however the symptoms can be controlled. Seeing the doctor can be a real life saver as your doctor can track and treat your symptoms and detect signs that might signify a dangerous situation.

Signs and Symptoms of Asthma

Symptoms of asthma vary in individuals. Some may have them frequently; others may have them only at certain times for example during exercise or exposure to antigen

Common symptoms include:

What causes Asthma?

A lot of things can trigger an asthma attack. The doctor can help you identify these triggers so you can guard against it.

Some of these triggers are:

Risk Factors

A lot of factors are believed to predispose you to getting Asthma. These could include:

Can it be prevented?

You can’t cure asthma. However, it’s controllable. Some of the ways are:

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How do I know I have Asthma?

Your doctor can help you diagnose this condition.

He uses your medical histories, family histories, physical exam and test results to help establish the diagnosis.

Your doctor also measure your lung function by using


Some of Asthma complications are:

All of these complications are as a result of allowing the early attacks to develop into a severe case.

That is why it is important to work toward controlling attacks so it doesn’t become severe.


Asthma is a long –term disease with no cure. The goal is to achieve a good control.

A good control helps to:

Your doctor has to work with you to manage your asthma. Though you are the active participant in the managements your doctor is there to guide you and treat other conditions that can interfere with your control.


The right medications are determined by your doctor. It encompasses a number of things; your age, symptoms and what works best for your control.

There are 2 classes of medications are mainly used for controlling asthma:

In some cases, drugs for allergy are necessary.

Lung- term asthma control drugs: These are drugs you take daily to keep asthma under control. These medications are the mainstay of asthma treatment. They make it less likely to have an asthma attack. Examples of Long-term control medications include:

Quick-relief medications. These medications quickly help to relax the tightness of your airways during an attack. These medications should be taken at the first sign of an asthma symptom. Examples of a quick-relief medication are:

Allergy medications.  They are usually helpful for asthma triggered by allergies.

Controlling you asthma should be flexible. It could be adjusted base on how well you achieve control on the medications.

Support Groups

Asthma and its managements can sometimes be a challenging. Connecting with people of same condition can help you cope with this.

Book an Appointment.

Are you an asthmatic patient who needs medical help in attaining good control? Then talk one of our health team. You can contact us with the phone number below.

By Dr Adeniyi Jide Paul

Medical Officer Westend Hospital


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